This list is not exhaustive, but if you think you might be living with a narcissist, it might help you to have a better understanding of what you might see from someone with this personality type.
Although most individuals have some narcissistic traits, narcissism can also manifest in an extreme pathological form in some personality disorders such as Narcissistic Personality Disorder or NPD, wherein the patient overestimates his abilities and has an excessive need for admiration and affirmation. This may be present to such a degree that it severely damages the person’s ability to live a productive or happy life because the traits manifest as severe selfishness and disregard for the needs and feelings of others.
Lack of empathy is a hallmark of narcissistic disorders, and sufferers find it extremely difficult to understand others’ (and their own) emotional states and impact. This makes maintaining close or intimate relationships significantly harder. They may find it difficult to perceive or admit this, or may interpret it as a virtue.
It is also worth noting that the individual expressions of grandiosity or arrogance vary with the person’s value system. A person will generally attempt to display superiority as he or she defines it.
- Overreacts to criticism, becoming angry or humiliated
- Uses others to reach goals
- Exaggerates own importance
- Entertains unrealistic fantasies about achievements, power, beauty, intelligence or romance
- Has unreasonable expectations of favorable treatment
- Seeks constant attention and positive reinforcement from others
- Is easily jealous
- Has a sense of extreme entitlement
- Is exploitative of others
- Lacks empathy
- Displays arrogant, haughty and proud behaviour.
- Uses denial mechanism to downplay own inadequacies or failings
- Uses rationalization mechanism to justify self-centered behavior